(Born; Vienna, 29 Nov 1872; Died; there, 27 Jan 1947). Austrian soprano. She studied with Rosa Papier and in 1895 was engaged at the Hamburg Opera. She formed a close professional and personal relationship with the music director, Mahler, and soon won renown for her forceful interpretations of Mozart, Wagner and Weber roles. In 1898 she joined Mahler at Vienna and until 1921 was successful there as Brünnhilde, Leonore and Donna Anna. She sang at Covent Garden in 1906 and 1913 and appeared at Bayreuth, 1897-1914, where she assisted Cosima Wagner.
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