GMN - Your Arts Network
GMN - Your Arts Network ClassicalPlus
Home Artists Composers Webcasts Downloads News Shop Contests Forums

 Websites
GMN
JazzPlus

 GMN Premium
 Classical Radio
 Features
 Classical Forum
 Links
SUBSCRIBE
 
FREE Newsletter
'

SEARCH
The GMN Shop
The MediaPlayer
Content Archive
Free Music
Grove Dictionary
All Searches

Email This Page Email This Page

MEMBERS
 New User Sign Up
 Sign In
 Select a Player

Glinka, Mikhail Ivanovich
 Biography
 Listen To Music
 List/Buy Works

Biography
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka

(Born; Novospasskoye [now Glinka], 1 June 1804; Died; Berlin, 15 Feb 1857). Russian composer. Having come to know rural folk music in its purer forms, and receiving an unsystematic musical education in St Petersburg and on his sojourn in Italy (1830-33), he neither inherited a tradition of sophisticated composition nor developed a distinctive and consistent personal style. But he exerted a profound and freely acknowledged influence on Balakirev, Rimsky-Korsakov, Mussorgsky, Borodin and Tchaikovsky, as well as on Prokofiev and Stravinsky. His first important compositions, written in Berlin (1834), where he studied briefly with Siegfried Dehn, were a Capriccio for piano duet and an unfinished symphony, both applying variation technique to Russian themes. It was his opera A Life for the Tsar (1836; originally Ivan Susanin) that established him overnight as Russia's leading composer. Though its national character derives from melodic content alone (mostly merely quasi-Russian), it is nevertheless significant for its novel, expressive Russian recitative and for its use of the leitmotif. His next opera, Ruslan and Lyudmila (1842), based on Pushkin's fantastic, ironic fairy-tale, was less well received, being structurally unsuited to the stage and musically haphazard, yet it contains elements of striking originality, including Chernomor's grotesque little march, pungent touches of chromatic colour, exuberant rhythms, the use of the whole-tone scale and the 'changing background' technique for folktune presentation. Inspiring the oriental and 'magic' idioms of later Russian composers, this opera proved to be seminal in the history of Russian music. At Paris (1844-5) Glinka enjoyed Berlioz's music and in Spain (1845-7) folk music and fresh visual impressions; two Spanish Overtures resulted, exceeded in inventiveness however by the kaleidoscopic orchestral variations Kamarinskaya (1848). Among the rich legacy of his songs, the Pushkin settings Where is our rose?, I recall a wonderful moment, Adèle and The toasting cup are particularly fine.

Dramatic music: Ivan Susanin [A Life for the Tsar], opera (1836); Ruslan and Lyudmila, opera (1842); incidental music.

Instrumental music: Kamarinskaya, orch (1848); ovs., other orch pieces; Str Qt. F (1830); sextet, EFlat; (1832); variations, mazurkas for pf; pf duets, incl. Capriccio on Russian Themes, A (1834).

Vocal music: songs, partsongs, choruses, hymns.

© Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers Limited, UK


gmnyour arts network
 GMN.com 
 GMN ClassicalPlus 
 GMN JazzPlus 
Become an Affiliate · Contact Us · Advertising · Links
Home · Register · Terms of Use · Privacy Policy · Information Center · Help

Copyright © 1999 - 2001 Global Music Network Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Music downloads, audio and video provided for personal, non-commercial use only and may not be re-distributed.

Sat, Nov 18, 2017 2:41:10 PM US EST
back to top
0.03125 Seconds
v4.0b - classicalplus.gmn.com - True
Easynet